Wisdom teeth are the teeth that are most likely to be extracted. They are the bane of many a patient’s existence, and are a constant nuisance for dentists as well. Often times the third molars, as they are sometimes called, cannot be removed regularly, and even the most skilled dentist needs to result to oral surgery in order to extract them. These extractions can get pretty messy, and can take up to 90 minutes, but a usual wisdom tooth extraction is done in 15 or so. Nevertheless, wisdom teeth must be removed if they are impacted, infected, or are pushing on the rest of the teeth, as they can mess up all of your teeth, can be the cause of extremely expensive interventions, and can cause a whole lot of pain.
When to get a wisdom tooth extraction
Infected wisdom teeth: If a wisdom tooth becomes infected, it usually is easiest to remove them. Wisdom teeth very frequently have irregular roots, and their location all the way in the back of the mouth makes it very hard or even straight up impossible to root canal them, and cleaning the tooth may also be difficult in these circumstances. This means that the infection will recur, and thus it is best for both patient and dentist if the tooth is pulled. Partially erupted wisdom teeth (a frequent occurrence when only some of the wisdom tooth breaks through the gum line) very often have this problem.
Crowding: The most frequent orthodontic problem, crowding, is very often caused by wisdom teeth growing irregularly. These teeth will push on the rest of the teeth in a row, and will cause them to crowd. In these cases, the extraction of the wisdom tooth is necessary.
Impacted wisdom teeth: Sometimes the wisdom teeth do not grow or erupt at all, but stay hidden beneath the gum line. These wisdom teeth are a very serious health risk, can become infected underneath the gums, can push on the rest of your teeth and cause TMJ problems as well.
Wisdom tooth extraction process
Wisdom teeth can be extracted regularly, or surgically. If all of the tooth is erupted and it is easy to reach, there is no problem with extracting the tooth in the regular way, but the difficult location and propensity for only partially erupting (or not at all, in some cases) makes surgical wisdom tooth extractions a quite common oral surgical procedure.
After wisdom tooth extraction
What to do after wisdom tooth extraction?
- try to eat only liquid meals on the first day after wisdom tooth extraction
- do not eat or drink dairy products (because of the bacteria, which can harm your wound)
- clean your teeth properly and gently
- press a piece of sterile gauze against the wound until the bleeding stops
- use ice cubes twisted into a towel, if your face is swollen